Anuncios

el pandemonium

Lo que tenemos en común

with 11 comments

 

Si me pidieran una lista de los colectivos que más destrozos han causado en este país, el de los pedagogos estaría sin duda en lo más alto de ella. Pero los pedagogos no habrían logrado llegar ni la mitad de lejos de lo que han llegado sin la ayuda de la prensa socialdemócrata, siempre tan dispuesta a pasar por alto la realidad si esta contradice sus prejuicios y supersticiones.

Ayer el diario El País añadía un clavo más en el ataúd de una educación de calidad con el artículo La CEOE ve en los genes la clave del éxito escolar. Y añadía como subtítulo, por si algún despistado no había relacionado todavía a la CEOE con la eugenesia y los nazis: “La patronal cuestiona la presencia femenina en la docencia”.

Con un par.

 

Uno de los párrafos del artículo decía esto:

Junto a propuestas más convencionales, como la necesidad de mejorar la formación del profesorado o la implicación de los padres en la educación, el texto [de la CEOE] incluye supuestos heterodoxos como que la herencia genética “tiene una importancia sustantiva en el rendimiento escolar de los hijos equivalente o algo superior a la del origen socioeconómico“.

No, tecleadores de El País: lo que es “heterodoxo” a estas alturas del siglo 21 es negar la existencia de la naturaleza humana o la influencia de los genes.

 

 

Aconsejo contratacar a quienes defienden la teoría de la influencia “socioeconómica” y la del “cerebro moldeable por el entorno” con tres libros: El mito de la educación de Judith Rich Harris, La tabla rasa de Steven Pinker y La paradoja sexual de Susan Pinker.

Y por si acaso alguien duda aún de la existencia de una naturaleza común a todos los seres humanos, enraizada en nuestros genes, programada en nuestros cerebros de forma innata e independiente de la cultura, el status socieconómico, el grado de religiosidad o el nivel de sofisticación tecnológica, ahí va la lista de universales humanos que Donald E. Brown recopiló en 1989 (en inglés; la pueden encontrar traducida al español en el apéndice final de La tabla rasa):

 

  • abstraction in speech and thought
  • actions under self-control distinguished from those not under *control
  • aesthetics
  • affection expressed and felt
  • age grades
  • age statuses
  • age terms
  • ambivalence
  • anthropomorphization
  • antonyms
  • baby talk
  • belief in supernatural/religion
  • beliefs, false
  • beliefs about death
  • beliefs about disease
  • beliefs about fortune and misfortune
  • binary cognitive distinctions
  • biological mother and social mother normally the same person
  • black (color term)
  • body adornment
  • childbirth customs
  • childcare
  • childhood fears
  • childhood fear of loud noises
  • childhood fear of strangers
  • choice making (choosing alternatives)
  • classification
  • classification of age
  • classification of behavioral propensities
  • classification of body parts
  • classification of colors
  • classification of fauna
  • classification of flora
  • classification of inner states
  • classification of kin
  • classification of sex
  • classification of space
  • classification of tools
  • classification of weather conditions
  • coalitions
  • collective identities
  • conflict
  • conflict, consultation to deal with
  • conflict, means of dealing with
  • conflict, meditation of
  • conjectural reasoning
  • containers
  • continua (ordering as cognitive pattern)
  • contrasting marked and nonmarked sememes (meaningful elements in language)
  • cooking
  • cooperation
  • cooperative labor
  • copulation normally conducted in privacy
  • corporate (perpetual statuses)
  • coyness display
  • crying
  • cultural variability
  • culture
  • culture/nature distinction
  • customary greetings
  • daily routines
  • dance
  • death rituals
  • decision making
  • decision making, collective
  • directions, giving of
  • discrepancies between speech, thought, and action
  • dispersed groups
  • distinguishing right and wrong
  • diurnality
  • divination
  • division of labor
  • division of labor by age
  • division of labor by sex
  • dreams
  • dream interpretation
  • economic inequalities
  • economic inequalities, consciousness of
  • emotions
  • empathy
  • entification (treating patterns and relations as things)
  • environment, adjustments to
  • envy
  • envy, symbolic means of coping with
  • ethnocentrism
  • etiquette
  • explanation
  • face (word for)
  • facial communication
  • facial expression of anger
  • facial expression of contempt
  • facial expression of disgust
  • facial expression of fear
  • facial expression of happiness
  • facial expression of sadness
  • facial expression of surprise
  • facial expressions, masking/modifying of
  • family (or household)
  • father and mother, separate kin terms for
  • fears
  • fears, ability to overcome some
  • feasting
  • females do more direct childcare
  • figurative speech
  • fire
  • folklore
  • food preferences
  • food sharing
  • future, attempts to predict
  • generosity admired
  • gestures
  • gift giving
  • good and bad distinguished
  • gossip
  • government
  • grammar
  • group living
  • groups that are not based on family
  • hairstyles
  • hand (word for)
  • healing the sick (or attempting to)
  • hospitality
  • hygienic care
  • identity, collective
  • incest between mother and son unthinkable or tabooed
  • incest, prevention or avoidance
  • in-group distinguished from out-group(s)
  • inheritance rules
  • insulting
  • intention
  • interest in bioforms (living things or things that resemble them)
  • interpreting behavior
  • intertwining (e.g., weaving)
  • jokes
  • kin, close distinguished from distant
  • kin groups
  • kin terms translatable by basic relations of procreation
  • kinship statuses
  • language
  • language employed to manipulate others
  • language employed to misinform or mislead
  • language is translatable
  • language not a simple reflection of reality
  • language, prestige from proficient use of
  • law (rights and obligations)
  • law (rules of membership)
  • leaders
  • lever
  • linguistic redundancy
  • logical notions
  • logical notion of “and”
  • logical notion of “equivalent”
  • logical notion of “not”
  • logical notion of “opposite”
  • logical notion of “part/whole”
  • logical notion of “same”
  • magic
  • magic to increase life
  • magic to sustain life
  • magic to win love
  • male and female and adult and child seen as having different *natures
  • males dominate public/political realm
  • males more aggressive
  • males more prone to lethal violence
  • males more prone to theft
  • manipulate social relations
  • marking at phonemic, syntactic, and lexical levels
  • marriage
  • materialism
  • meal times
  • meaning, most units of are non-universal
  • measuring
  • medicine
  • melody
  • memory
  • metaphor
  • metonym
  • mood- or consciousness-altering techniques and/or substances
  • morphenes
  • mother normally has consort during child-rearing years
  • mourning
  • murder proscribed
  • music
  • music, children’s
  • music related in part to dance
  • music related in part to religious activity
  • music seen as art (a creation)
  • music, vocal
  • music, vocal, includes speech forms
  • musical redundancy
  • musical repetition
  • musical variation
  • myths
  • narrative
  • nomenclature (perhaps the same as classification)
  • nonbodily decorative art
  • normal distinguished from abnormal states
  • nouns
  • numerals (counting)
  • Oedipus complex
  • oligarchy (de facto)
  • one (numeral)
  • onomatopoeia
  • oversestimating objectivity of thought
  • pain
  • past/present/future
  • person, concept of
  • personal names
  • phonemes
  • phonemes defined by sets of minimally contrasting features
  • phonemes, merging of
  • phonemes, range from 10 to 70 in number
  • phonemic changes, inevitability of
  • phonemic change, rules of
  • phonemic system
  • planning
  • planning for future
  • play
  • play to perfect skills
  • poetry/rhetoric
  • poetic line, uniform length range
  • poetic lines characterized by repetition and variation
  • poetic lines demarcated by pauses
  • polysemy (one word has several related meanings)
  • possessive, intimate
  • possessive, loose
  • practice to improve skills
  • preference for own children and close kin (nepotism)
  • prestige inequalities
  • private inner life
  • promise
  • pronouns
  • pronouns, minimum two numbers
  • pronouns, minimum three persons
  • proper names
  • property
  • psychological defence mechanisms
  • rape
  • rape proscribed
  • reciprocal exchanges (of labor, goods, or services)
  • reciprocity, negative (revenge, retaliation)
  • reciprocity, positive
  • recognition of individuals by face
  • redress of wrongs
  • rhythm
  • right-handedness as population norm
  • rites of passage
  • rituals
  • role and personality seen in dynamic interrelationship (i.e., *departures from role can be explained in terms of individual personality)
  • sanctions
  • sanctions for crimes against the collectivity
  • sanctions include removal from the social unit
  • self distinguished from other
  • self as neither wholly passive nor wholly autonomous
  • self as subject and object
  • self is responsible
  • semantics
  • semantic category of affecting things and people
  • semantic category of dimension
  • semantic category of giving
  • semantic category of location
  • semantic category of motion
  • semantic category of speed
  • semantic category of other physical properties
  • semantic components
  • semantic components, generation
  • semantic components, sex
  • sememes, commonly used ones are short, infrequently used ones are longer
  • sense unified
  • sex (gender) terminology is fundamentally binary
  • sex statuses
  • sexual attraction
  • sexual attractiveness
  • sexual jealousy
  • sexual modesty
  • sexual regulation
  • sexual regulation includes incest prevention
  • sexuality as focus of interest
  • shelter
  • sickness and death seen as related
  • snakes, wariness around
  • social structure
  • socialization
  • socialization expected from senior kin
  • socialization includes toilet training
  • spear
  • special speech for special occasions
  • statuses and roles
  • statuses, ascribed and achieved
  • statuses distinguished from individuals
  • statuses on other then sex, age, or kinship bases
  • stop/nonstop contrasts (in speech sounds)
  • succession
  • sweets preferred
  • symbolism
  • symbolic speech
  • synonyms
  • taboos
  • tabooed foods
  • tabooed utterances
  • taxonomy
  • territoriality
  • time
  • time, cyclicity of
  • tools
  • tool dependency
  • tool making
  • tools for cutting
  • tools to make tools
  • tools patterned culturally
  • tools, permanent
  • tools for pounding
  • trade
  • triangular awareness (assessing relationships among the self and two other people)
  • true and fake distinguished
  • turn-taking
  • two (numeral)
  • tying material (i.e., something like string)
  • units of time
  • verbs
  • violence, some forms proscribed
  • visiting
  • vocalic/nonvocalic contrasts in phonemes
  • vowel contrasts
  • weaning
  • weapons
  • weather control (attempts to)
  • white (color term)
  • world view

Añadidos desde 1989

  • anticipation
  • attachment
  • critical learning periods
  • differential valuations
  • dominance/submission
  • fairness (equity), concept of
  • fear of death
  • habituation
  • hope
  • husband older than wife on average
  • imagery
  • institutions (organized co-activities)
  • intention
  • interpolation
  • judging others
  • likes and dislikes
  • making comparisons
  • males, on average, travel greater distances over lifetime
  • males engage in more coalitional violence
  • mental maps
  • mentalese
  • moral sentiments
  • moral sentiments, limited effective range of
  • precedence, concept of (that’s how the leopard got its spots)
  • pretend play
  • pride
  • proverbs, sayings
  • proverbs, sayings–in mutually contradictory forms
  • resistance to abuse of power, to dominance
  • risk-taking
  • self-control
  • self-image, awareness of (concern for what others think)
  • self-image, wanted to be positive
  • sex differences in spatial cognition and behavior
  • shame
  • stinginess, disapproval of
  • sucking wounds
  • synesthetic metaphors
  • thumb sucking
  • tickling
  • toys, playthings
Anuncios

Written by cristian campos

23 junio, 2011 a 7:00

11 comentarios

Subscribe to comments with RSS.

  1. Pues mira, una de sabiduría popular: “Si tu padre es un ajo y tu madre una cebolla…¿Cómo pretendes oler bien?”

    Schtroumpf

    23 junio, 2011 at 8:39

  2. A propósito de la “prensa socialdemócrata”, últimamente tengo la sensación de que “El País” se lo escribe en un ratito muerto de las mañanas El Gran Wyoming. Tiene que haber alguien de sonrisa inversa y ojos vidriosos pensando que eres completamente imbécil mientras redacta los artículos. La interpretación que se hace del estudio de la CEOE resulta tan estúpida que tiene que ser malintencionada. No cabe otra solución.

    Y si cabe seguramente será genética.

    salom

    23 junio, 2011 at 11:52

  3. Muy buena entrada Cristian.
    Hay una entrevista muy interesante con Anne Moir, hablando de la educación y el sexo: http://manuelalvarezlopez.blogspot.com/2011/04/se-debe-educar-ambos-sexos-de-forma.html
    Y este otro: http://manuelalvarezlopez.blogspot.com/2011/04/el-fracaso-escolar-y-la-feminizacion-de.html
    Es una pena que los debates no tengan más nivel, por culpa de la ideología y/o de la idiocia.
    Un saludo.

    Manuel Álvarez

    23 junio, 2011 at 14:44

  4. Y otro interesante enlace sobre una propuesta de reforma educativa:
    http://manuelalvarezlopez.blogspot.com/2011/06/propuesta-de-reforma-educacional-por.html

    Manuel Álvarez

    23 junio, 2011 at 15:01

  5. Schtroumpf: más que sabiduría popular es sentido común, que ya sabe usted que suele ser el menos común de los sentidos (por desgracia).

    salom: El País ha dejado de ser el diario que fue en los años 80 e incluso en los 90 para convertirse en la crema reafirmante de las neuras de sus lectores. A base de darse cabezazos con el muro de la realidad han acabado atravesándolo y accediendo a un universo paralelo en el que no rigen las mismas leyes físicas que para el resto de los mortales.

    Manuel Álvarez: gracias por el halago y por los links, son muy, muy interesantes. La clave para mí está en una de las frases de Anne Moir: “Me gustaría que los colegios se organizasen de manera científica y no políticamente. Miro a la ciencia y pienso: ¿cómo dice que enseñaremos mejor a los niños?”

    cristian campos

    23 junio, 2011 at 15:56

  6. Es una entrevista muy interesante, más allá de que tenga o no razón. Plantea temas muy interesantes y que se deben debatir en profundidad, por gente seria y sin dejar entrar a la ideología. Vamos, todo lo contrario de lo que suele suceder.

    Manuel Álvarez

    23 junio, 2011 at 16:56

  7. As an appraiser I am very aware of poor or lainkcg data on MLS information sheets. I am in central Wisconsin and some data, such as age of a property, is only availabe from assessors who mostly work out of their homes and do not have web sites. When we get orders with short turn times we sometimes can’t find the assessor. It is such a simple process for brokers, who typically have weeks of time to get this info prior to sale but do not bother. We also have a problem with brokers referring to manufactured homes as one story and no mention that it is a manufactured home because they do not want buyers to shy away from them.

    Jerome

    29 julio, 2013 at 17:14

  8. I think that offering an icinnteve for this as you have mentioned is critical. People don’t do stuff to help out a business unless it benefits them directly. Yes, there are a number of companies listed at that can help businesses get more traction on Facebook, but the best way to get more fans that benefit you is to get people through some sort of coupon or deal that benefits everybody. I think that a lot of companies should realize that building up a solid network of fans takes time and using a variety of sources to build up your fanbase is the best thing you can do.

    Lucia

    6 septiembre, 2013 at 2:19

  9. Thinking like that shows an expert at work

    cheap cialis on line

    18 octubre, 2013 at 14:17

  10. For starters I want to say that this post made my day! I aatlculy just found your website as a link from Pinterest! Since day one I have been very particular about what I pin, I use it for inspiration only and have done well thus far to not lust for things I see. My problem with Pinterest has been that I experience occasional anxiety over what feels like such a huge to do list. I have so many recipes and not enough ingredients. So many things I want to do with my daughter, but I need to go get this this and the other thing at the store. I need to hurry up and learn to sew. Another blog I have to keep up with the list goes on and on. I have really had to slow myself down so as not to let it become an idol to me. Thanks for your post. I am so glad I am not the only one who feels overwhelmed with technology.

    Blessing

    6 noviembre, 2013 at 10:21

  11. That’s a skillful answer to a difficult question


Responder

Introduce tus datos o haz clic en un icono para iniciar sesión:

Logo de WordPress.com

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de WordPress.com. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Imagen de Twitter

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Twitter. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Foto de Facebook

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Facebook. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Google+ photo

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Google+. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Conectando a %s

A %d blogueros les gusta esto: